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MISC. LOGAN COALFIELD LOCATIONS
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This street in Logan, W.Va. is actually a remnant of H.T. Wilson Coal Company's mining camp. This was one of the first mines to open in the Logan Coalfield in 1907. I'm kind of surprised that these old company houses have lasted, because they aren't exactly of great quality. Later, under the threat of union organization, coal camp houses became larger and more accomodating than these early examples. (2016 image by author)
Good 1970s view of a burning slate dump next to coal camp houses at Hutchinson, WV. The Hutchinson Coal Co. town has since been obliterated by the Elkay/Massey/Alpha Bandmill/Aracoma coal mining complex. (Image by Jack Corn, courtesty The U.S. National Archives)
Emmett, WV was once a coal camp owned by Elk Creek Coal Company, a subsidiary of Guyan Eagle Coal Co. The coal company houses were demolished and this preparation plant was constructed by Island Creek Coal Co. (which purchased Guyan Eagle Coal Company's assets in 1959) to process coal for their No. 10 mine, Guyan Division. Later Consol purchased it, named it their Elk Creek facility, then idled it. It was quietly rusting away when I took this photo, but has since been demolished. The concrete coal silos may remain, however. (Mar. 2005 image by author)
Some say that this building in Wilkinson, WV was the company store, while others claim it was not. Rick writes, "I grew up in Yuma Camp just around the corner from this building. As you can seen this building was a machinery repair shop. Note the boarded up section that was formerly a large garage door with a rail for overhead crane. The house just next door was a very nice stone house - and as I remember they had the nicest Halloween treats - home-made popcorn balls no less. Just around the corner to the right was J.T.Fish junk yard. I played on the stacks of mine cars and old school buses in that yard as a grade school child." (Feb. 2002 image by author)
Ruins of the coal mine, possibly machine shop, office, or bathhouse, at Lyburn, Lyburn Mines, Inc., and later Elkay Mining. (Feb. 2002 image by author)
Earling, WV, built in 1913 by the Hutchinson Coal Co. and later operated by the West Virginia Coal & Coke Corp., was once a big coal camp, but has been reduced to just a few homes. (Feb. 2002 image by author)
West Virginia Coal & Coke mined coal at Earling from 1925 until 1951. (Feb. 2002 image by author)
Newly constructed coal camp of Logan Coal Company along Dingess Run near Ethel. (Chesapeake & Ohio Railway image via Google Books)
Last few homes left at Taplin, where the Cedar-Gas Coal Co. operated the mines. (Feb. 2002 image by author)
Tipple and incline at the Fort Branch Mine. (Chesapeake & Ohio Railway image via Google Books)
This residential area between Logan and Holden illustrates how people are crowded in the narrow valley bottoms between very steep hillsides in this part of Appalachia. (Sep. 2001 image by author)
The tipple at Snap Creek was closed on this day. (Nov. 2001 image by author)
Incredibly, Island Creek Coal Company was still operating retail "company stores" like this as late as 1980. This one has been identified as being at Oceana, WV. (Image from "Coal and People" by Shirley Young Campbell)
Coty sent in this picture of an industrial structure on Middle Fork of Island Creek. I can't help but think it might have been part of West Virginia Coal & Coke's Micco or Omar No. 4 coal mines. (2012 image courtesy of Coty Sheppard)
Logan Chilton Coal Co. operated the Rita coal mine in Logan County from 1929 until 1950. As late as 2012 people were still renting these coal camp houses at Rita from the land company - DB Land LLC - that inherited them from a coal company. In September 2012, DB sent Rita residents notice that they would have to vacate their old coal company homes, presumably because they would be demolished (for a new mine perhaps?). The inhabitants of the houses were upset, and did not want to leave, so the land company worked with them to survey lots around the houses and sell them to the Rita residents. One Rita local was quoted in the media as saying "Every memory I got and these other people is the same way, their whole lives played out here. Just to see it come in and doze it under. And to see what's happened, ain't short of a miracle." So this was a much happier outcome that what happened a few years prior at nearby Dehue. (2012 image by others)
The tipple that used to be at Rita. (April 1991 WV SHPO image)
This is the preparation plant for Hampden Coal Co., an active operation near Gilbert, WV. (Image by others)
Dehue, WV was a coal mine/company town owned by the Youngstown Mines Corporation, a captive mine of Youngstown Sheet and Tube Company. The town still existed as late as the 1970s, when this photograph was taken. Unlike most coal camps the homes at Dehue were never sold to private residents. Dingess-Rum Land Company owned the houses, and people were still renting them as late as 2000-2001, when the last people were evicted. Massey Energy's Bandmill Coal Co. has a large coal operation and slurry injection site here now, so draw your own conclusions. Ironically, Dehue was named for a man who operated a "band mill" in that area: Mr. D.E. Hewitt. The picture is from a sad chapter about Black Lung in a fascinating book by Matthew Witt and Earl Dotter titled "In Our Blood." (1970's image courtesy of www.earldotter.com, with permission)
Dehue company houses were still being maintained by the coal company into the 1970's. (1974 image by Jack Corn, courtesty The U.S. National Archives)
One of the structures built by Island Creek Coal Co. that has survived at Coal Mountain, WV. Many of the coal camp homes remain, but the company store has been razed. So has the tipple, but there was another smaller company operating a coal mine there on the day I took this picture. (Mar. 2005 image by author)
Homes built for officials of the Clean Eagle Coal Company in the coal camp of Mallory, WV. A roof fall in the No. 3 mine caused the death of five miners on May 22, 1920. (Nov. 2006 image by author)
Near the end of the CSX railroad that runs from Man to Gilbert is this small loadout. Pictured here is a small manned helper tractor that pushes the empty gondola cars up to the loading chute. (Nov. 2006 image by author)
Detail of the spray nozzles at the same loadout near Gilbert. (Nov. 2006 image by author)
Excavation behind Wal-Mart in Logan got into an old mine. (Nov. 2007 image by author)
Crystal Block Coal & Coke Co. tipple that used to be at Crystal Block, WV - the last coal camp going up Island Creek. (Circa 1922 image from the "Keystone Coal Catalog" via Google Books)
Bandmill prep plant on Rum Creek, parts of which may date back to Elkay Mining's operations there from the 1970's. (Image by others)
Remains of Wood Coal Co. Mine No. 4 near Freeze Fork. (Nov. 2013 WV SHPO image)
Coal camp at Upper Whitman, W.Va. (WV SHPO image)
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MISC. LOGAN COALFIELD LOCATIONS
History of coal mining. History of West Virginia. History of Logan County West Virginia. History of Boone County West Virginia. History of Lincoln County. History of Mingo County. History of Logan WV. Pocahontas Coal Seam. Historic Pictures. Historic Photographs. Historic books. Historic Maps. History publications. Geography. Polish immigrants. Slovak immigrants. Italian immigrants. West Virginia immigrants. Appalachian music. Appalachian culture. Historic architecture. Historic buildings. Historic towns. Organized labor. Unions. United Mine workers. Archives.