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WILMORE, PA

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Wilmore was the location of Berwind-White Coal Company's Maryland No. 2 mine. (Maryland No. 1 was a sister mine a few miles away in St. Michael.) In 1955 Maryland No. 2 was reopened and produced 55,521 tons of lump, egg, and nut coal from the "B" seam. 1959 tonnage was 393,609 tons, and daily capacity was advertised as 2,500 tons. Berwind-White sold the Maryland No. 2 mine to Bethlehem Mines Corp. in 1961. Bethlehem dug coal out of this mine into the 1970s.


The old carpenter shop with the patch town on the hill in the background. This coal mine, named the Maryland Shaft No. 2, was built by the Wilmore Coal Company, a sub-company of the mighty Berwind-White Coal Company that dominated the Windber Field, in 1945. Since the Wilmore patch was also constructed at that time then it is proabably the last coal patch town built in Pennsylvania. Maryland Mine No. 2 was constructed to mine coal for World War Two. (Mar. 2004 image by author)


In the foreground is the machine shop, and in the background is what was probably the bath house. The Wilmore Coal Company stopped mining coal at Wilmore in 1961, but leased the mine to Bethlehem Mines (Bethlehem Steel's mining arm) before the mine was permanently closed in the 1970s. (Mar. 2004 image by author)


The front of the carpenter shop. (Mar. 2004 image by author)


This head frame lowered the Wilmore miners 850' down, the deepest bituminous shaft in all of Pennsylvania. Too bad it was demolished in 1988. (Public Domain image by Jet Lowe, Historical American Engineering Record [HAER])


The upper sheave of the shaft hoist on the head frame.(Public Domain image by Jet Lowe, Historical American Engineering Record [HAER])


Birds eye view showing the Wilmore patch town at the top, slate dump in the center, and remaining coal mine buildings in the lower left. Note the baseball diamond built on top of the slate dump.


Sources:

Fitzsimons, Gray, editor. Blair County and Cambria County, Pennsylvania; An Inventory of Historic Engineering and Industrial Sites. 1990.



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